are “ecological communities of commensal, symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms” found in and on all multicellular organisms studied to date from plants to animals. Microbiota includes bacteria, archaea, protists, fungi and viruses. Microbiota have been found to be crucial for immunologic, hormonal and metabolic homeostasis of their host. (Wiki)
The genome is an inheritance unit. It symbolizes all the genetic codes found in the heredity material of an organism.
Groups of different subspecies of a bacterium or virus, with genetic differences between them, may be called “strains”. Among different strains, resistance to drugs, external influences, etc. feature changes may occur. (Wiki)
Commensalism is a type of life in ecology, in a common life established by two organisms, in which one creature benefits and the other is not affected by this partnership. Birds nesting in trees are the best example of this. Similarly, sparrows nesting in large stork nests and small nests will not harm the stork.
Mutualism is a common way of life, based on the mutual assistance of two living creatures from different species, benefiting both parties. It is a symbiotic lifestyle that is based on finding easier nutrients by coming together by two creatures who have the ability to survive on their own.
Common life, common life or symbiosis, two living things living together by helping each other like a single organism. Common life is between two plants and between one plant and one animal. For example, a lichen is an organism formed by the joint life of a fungus and algae.
Metagenomics is the study of genetic material recovered directly from environmental samples
Reef:In marine terminology, with the accumulation of rock, sand and sea creatures, underwater surface structures formed in shallow areas of six fathoms or less depth while in the tide of water (Wikipedia). TUBITAK says: “Coral reefs are formed in shallow parts of the seas for thousands of years with the accumulation of hard corals”.
Parasite:An parasite or parasite, an organism that can live dependent on a creature and harm the creature it lives on
Hosts:They are symbiotic related host organisms that host parasites or provide shelter and nutrition to each other.
Microbiome:The genetic material owned by the microbiota is called a microbiome.
Virom:Virome refers to the collection of viruses that are frequently researched and described by the metagenomic sequence of viral nucleic acids associated with a particular ecosystem, organism or holobiont. (Wikipedia)
Phage:B acteriophage is a virus that infects bacteria. The term is often used as a phage, which is abbreviated. Like viruses that infect eukaryotes, phages have a large structural and functional diversity. (Wikipedia)